logoHomeAbout Uscontact usservices and fees

summariesarchivepartners and contributorsposha references

Stuttering

Attitude Comparisons
Methodological Issues
Changing Attitudes

Cluttering

Mental Illness

Obesity

Other Disorders

references otherprices and orderingsearch

Studies Using the POSHA-S (Stuttering)

° - Listed in more than one category

Attitude Comparisons

Abdalla, F., & St. Louis, K. O. (2012). Arab school teachers' knowledge, beliefs and reactions regarding stuttering. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 37, 54-69.

Adriaensens, S., Struyf, E., (2014, March). Do teachers’ attitudes on stuttering contribute to teacher-student relationships? Poster presented at the European Symposium on Fluency Disorders. Antwerp, Belgium.

Alasseri, A., AlSayed, L., Alhumrani, L., Al Amoudi, R., & Bahumayed, B. (2013). Perceptions of Stuttering among College Students and Faculty in Saudi Arabia. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Chicago, IL.

Alshdifat, K., Mayo, R., & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, November). Attitudes of Jordanians toward stuttering and people who stutter. Technical session presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Chicago, IL.

Beste-Guldborg, A., Campanele, N. (2013). Knowledge, Perceptions, & Beliefs of Pacific Northwest & Southwestern Indians Toward Stuttering. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Chicago, IL.

Beste-Guldborg, A., Campanale, N., & St. Louis, K. O. (2014, November). American Indian perceptions of stuttering. Seminar presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Orlando, FL.

Beste-Guldborg, A., & St. Louis, K. O., Campanale, N. (2012, November). Knowledge, perceptions, & beliefs of northern plains Indians toward stuttering. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Atlanta, GA.

Beste-Guldborg, A. M., St. Louis, K. O., & Campanale, N. (2013, September). American Indian perceptions of stuttering. Poster and paper presented at the Stuttering Attitudes Research Symposium. Morgantown, WV.

Beste-Guldborg, A. M., St. Louis, K. O., & Campanale, N. (in press). American Indian perceptions of stuttering. In K. O. St. Louis (Ed.), Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination: An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

Beste-Guldborg, A. M., St. Louis, K. O., & Campanale, N. (in press). Attitudes toward stuttering: A look at selected helping professions. In K. O. St. Louis (Ed.), Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination: An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

Boltuzic, M., Suzana Jelcic Jaksic, S., & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, June). Attitudes toward stuttering of speech-language pathologists and special educators in primary schools in Croatia. Paper presented at the 10th World Congress of the International Stuttering Association. Lunteren, Netherlands.

Burgess, M. E., Kuhn, C. D., & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, March). Attitudes toward mild versus severe stuttering. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the West Virginia Speech-Language-Hearing Association Convention. Charleston, WV.

Chandrabose, J. G., St. Louis, K. O., Pushpavathi, M., & Raoof, S. (2010). Awareness of stuttering among prospective teachers of Mysore. Journal of the All India Institute of Speech & Hearing (JAIISH), 29, 144-152. 

Daly, C., & Leahy, M. (2014, March). Public attitudes towards stuttering: Epidemiological study on an Irish population. Paper presented at the European Symposium on Fluency Disorders. Antwerp, Belgium.

Elsiddig, Y., Haynes, C., Atwood, J. & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, September). Public attitudes towards stuttering in Khartoum, Sudan. Poster and paper presented at the Stuttering Attitudes Research Symposium. Morgantown, WV.

Esiddig, Y., Haynes, C., Atwood, J., & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, November). Exploring the Sudanese experience: Perceptions, attitudes, & locus of control. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Chicago, IL.

Elsiddig, Y., Haynes, C., Atwood, J., & St. Louis, K. O. (in press). Public attitudes towards stuttering in Khartoum, Sudan. In K. O. St. Louis (Ed.), Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination: An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

Georgieva, D., Andrade, C. R. F. D., St. Louis, K. O., & Troudt, F. O. (2004, November). Selected Attitudes toward stuttering: Brazil, Bulgaria, and Turkey (Non-English). Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, PA.

Holcombe, K., & Eisert, S. (2012). Understanding the Impediment: Investigating the Nature of People’s Attitudes toward Stutterers. (unpublished capstone manuscript). Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, WA.

Ip, M. L., St. Louis, K. O. Myers, F. L., & An Xue, S. (2012). Stuttering attitudes in Hong Kong and Mainland China. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 14, 543-556.

John, J. (2013). Measurement of Teachers Knowledge and Attitude Towards Stuttering Using POSHA-S in Udupi District. (Unpublished master’s thesis). Manipal University, Manipal, India.

Klassen, T. R., Reichel, I. K., St. Louis, K. O., Sedlock, A. B., Gibson, L. J., & Dayton, R. M. (2004, November). Selected attitudes toward stuttering: North American college students. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Philadelphia, PA.

Knudsen, P. F., Kathard, H., St. Louis, K. O., & Shrestha, S. (2004, November). Selected Attitudes Toward Stuttering: Denmark, South Africa, and Nepal (English). Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, PA.

Lee, K., & St. Louis, K. O. (2014, September). Primary school teachers' attitudes toward stuttering using POSHA-S. Oral presentation at the Annual Convention of Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Kyungsan-si, Korea.

LeMasters, S. N. & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, March). Acceptability of teasing for stuttering in males and females. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the West Virginia Speech-Language-Hearing Association Convention. Charleston, WV.

Lubker, B. B., St. Louis, K. O., Adkins, T. A., Fisher, E., Helman, S. R., Phillips, C. I., & Schiffbauer, J. D. (2004, November). Selected attitudes toward stuttering: USA rural, small town, and suburbia. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, PA.

Mallah, L. (2011). A comparison of the attitudes, knowledge and beliefs about stuttering in British university students living in the United Kingdom (UK) and Syrian university students living in Syria. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Reading, Reading, UK.

Nilsson, S., & Wetterling, T. (2013). “Try to relax” - A survey study in Sweden among native Swedes and Arabic immigrants concerning views on stuttering.   (Unpublished master’s thesis). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Ozdemir, R. S., St. Louis, K. O., & Topbas, S. (2011). Stuttering attitudes among Turkish family generations and neighbors from representative samples. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 36, 318-333.

Ozdemir, S., TopbaS, S., St. Louis, K. O., & Ege, P. (2008, June). Public attitudes toward stuttering: A probability study from Eskisehir, Turkey. Poster presented at the 12th meeting of the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association, Istanbul, Turkey.

Przepiorka, A. Blachnio, A. & St. Louis, K. O. (2012, July). Public attitudes towards stuttering in Poland. Poster presented at the 7th World Congress on Fluency Disorders. International Fluency Association, Tours, France.

Przepiorka, A., Blachnio, A., St. Louis, K. O., & Wozniak, T. (2013). Public attitudes toward stuttering in Poland. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 48, 703-714.

St. Louis, K. O. (2001, April). Public attitudes toward stuttering: How good or bad are they? What can be done to change them? Seminar presented at the annual convention of the West Virginia Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Charleston, WV.

St. Louis, K. O. (2003, September). Public attitudes toward stammering around the world. Invited workshop at the Jubilee Conference of the British Stammering Association, Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

St. Louis, K. O. (2008, June). Public opinion toward stuttering: Similarities and differences around the world. Invited plenary address presented at the 12th meeting of the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association, Istanbul, Turkey.

St. Louis, K. O. (2009). “Dr. Ken St. Louis on Measuring Public Attitudes Toward Stuttering,” Stuttering101.com. <http://stuttering101.com/2009/01/31/blank.aspx> (Released 1-09).

St. Louis, K. O. (2010, November). Male and female public attitudes toward stuttering. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, PA.

St. Louis, K. O. (2011, July). Understanding the attitudes toward stuttering of John & Jane Q. Public. Workshop presented at the Annual Convention of the National Stuttering Association, Fort Worth, TX.

St. Louis, K. O. (2012, February). A dozen years of measuring public attitudes toward stuttering with the POSHA-S. Invited speaker at the Annual Convention of the Illinois Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Rosemont, IL.

St. Louis, K. O. (2012). Male versus female attitudes toward stuttering. Journal of Communication Disorders, 45, 246-253.

St. Louis, K. O. (2013, September). Epidemiology of public attitudes toward stuttering. Keynote address presented at the Stuttering Attitudes Research Symposium. Morgantown, WV.

St. Louis, K. O. (Ed.). (in press). Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination: An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

St. Louis, K. O. (in press). Epidemiology of public attitudes toward stuttering. In K. O. St. Louis (Ed.), Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

St. Louis, K. O., Abdalla, F., Burgess, M. E., Kuhn, C. D. (2013, September). Public attitudes toward mild versus severe stuttering in the USA and Kuwait. Poster and paper presented at the Stuttering Attitudes Research Symposium. Morgantown, WV.

St. Louis, K. O., Abdalla, F., Burgess, M. E., & Kuhn, C. D. (2013, November). American and Kuwaiti attitudes toward mild versus severe stuttering. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Chicago, IL.

St. Louis, K. O., Abdalla, F., Burgess, M. E., & Kuhn, C. D. (in press). Public attitudes toward mild versus severe stuttering in the USA and Kuwait. In K. O. St. Louis (Ed.), Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination: An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

St. Louis, K. O., & Andrade, C. R. F. D. (2003, August). Public attitudes toward stuttering and other human attributes in Brazil. Paper presented at the 4th World Congress on Fluency Disorders, International Fluency Association, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

St. Louis, K. O., & Andrade, C. R. F. D. (2004). Public attitudes toward stuttering and other human attributes in Brazil. In A. Packman, A. Meltzer, & H. F. M. Peters (Eds.). Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Fluency Disorders, (pp. 488-495). Nijmegen, The Netherlands: Nijmegen University Press.

St. Louis, K. O., Andrade, C. R. F. D., Georgieva, D., & Troudt, F. O. (2005). Experience and personal report about an international cooperation research-Brazil, Bulgaria and Turkey-Attitudes Toward Stuttering. Pro-Fono Revista de Atualizacao Cientifica, 17, 413-416.

° St. Louis, K. O., Coskun, M., Ozdemir, S., Topbas, S., Goranova, E., & Filatova, Y. (2007, May). Public attitudes toward cluttering and stuttering: USA, Bulgaria, Turkey, and Russia. Poster presented at the First World Conference on Cluttering, Razlog, Bulgaria.

° St. Louis, K. O., Coskun, M., Ozdemir, S., Topbas, S., Goranova, E., & Filatova, Y. (2010). Public attitudes toward cluttering and stuttering: USA, Bulgaria, Turkey, and Russia. In K. Bakker, F. L. Myers, & L. J. Raphael (eds.) Proceedings of the First World Conference on Cluttering. (pp. 190-198). International Cluttering Association <http://associations.missouristate.edu/ICA/>.

° St. Louis, K. O., Cundiff, J. S., Metzger, A. M., & Worek, B. M. (2012, November). Attitudes toward one’s problem: Stuttering versus other speech-hearing disorders. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Atlanta, GA.

St. Louis, K. O., Enoch, M. B., Williams, M. J., Guendouzi, J., & Reichel, I. K. (2012, November). SLP students’ attitudes toward stuttering: Results from four universities. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Atlanta, GA.

° St. Louis, K. O., Filatova, Y., Coskun, M., Topbas, S., Ozdemir, S., Georgieva, D., McCaffrey, E., & George, R. D. (2011). Public attitudes toward cluttering and stuttering in four countries. In E. L. Simon (Ed.) Psychology of stereotypes. (pp. 81-113). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers. Available online at https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=23253

St. Louis, K. O., & George, R. D. (2008, November). Attitudes toward stuttering: In search of a gold standard. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Chicago, IL.

St. Louis, K. O., Kuhn, C. D., & Lytwak, L. (2013, September). Measuring stuttering attitudes in the client’s environment: A new clinical tool. Poster and paper presented at the Stuttering Attitudes Research Symposium. Morgantown, WV.

St. Louis, K. O., Kuhn, C. D., & Lytwak, L. (in press). The Appraisal of the Stuttering Environment (ASE): A new clinical tool to measure stuttering attitudes the client’s environment. In K. O. St. Louis (Ed.), Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination: An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

St. Louis, K. O., & LeMasters, S. N. (2013, November). Public attitudes toward males versus females who stutter. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Chicago, IL.

St. Louis, K. O., LeMasters, S. N., & Poormohammad, A. (2013, September). Public attitudes toward males versus females who stutter: USA and Iran. Poster and paper presented at the Stuttering Attitudes Research Symposium. Morgantown, WV.

St. Louis, K. O., LeMasters, S. N., & Poormohammad (in press). Public attitudes toward males versus females who stutter: USA and Iran. In K. O. St. Louis (Ed.), Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination: An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

St. Louis, K. O., Lubker, B. B., Yaruss, J. S., Pill, J., & Diggs, C. C. (1999, October). International Project on Attitudes Toward Stuttering: Initial planning and status report. Paper presented at the 2nd International Stuttering Awareness Day On-Line Conference <http://www.mankato.msus.edu/dept/comdis/isad2/isadcon2.html>.

° St. Louis, K. O., & McCaffrey, E. (2005, November). Public awareness of cluttering and stuttering: Preliminary results. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San Diego, CA.

St. Louis, K. O., Ozdemir, R. S., & Topbas, S. (2009, August). Public Attitudes Toward Stuttering in Turkey: Probability Versus Convenience Sampling. Paper presented at the 6th World Congress of the International Fluency Association, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

St. Louis, K. O., Przepiorka, A. M, Beste-Guldborg, A., Williams, M. J., Blachnio, A., Guendouzi, J., Reichel, I. K., & Ware, M. B. (2014). Stuttering attitudes of students: Professional, intracultural, and international comparisons. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 39, 34-50.

St. Louis, K. O., Roberts, P. M., Lukong, J., & Freese, M. (2006, July). Linguistic and cultural influences on public attitudes toward stuttering: Cameroon, Canada, USA. Seminar presented at the 5th World Congress on Fluency Disorders, Dublin, Ireland.

St. Louis, K. O., Roberts, P. M., Lukong, J., & Freese, M. (2007). Linguistic, cultural, and geographic influences on public attitudes toward stuttering: Cameroon, Canada, USA. In J. Au-Yeung & M. M. Leahy (Eds.). Research, treatment, and self-help in fluency disorders: New Horizons. Proceedings of the Fifth World Congress on Fluency Disorders. (pp. 249-255).International Fluency Association, Electronic publication.

St. Louis, K. O., & Rogers, A. L. (2011, November). Predicting stuttering attitudes: Familiarity with stuttering, mental illness, and obesity. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San Diego, CA.

St. Louis, K. O., Schiffbauer, J. D., Phillips, C. I., Sedlock, A. B., Hriblan, L. J., & Dayton, R. M. (2000). The public environment where attitudes develop: Stuttering versus mental illness and intelligence. Paper presented at the 3rd International Stuttering Awareness Day On-Line Conference  <http://www.mankato.msus.edu/dept/comdis/ISAD3/isadcon3.html>.

° St. Louis, K. O., Sonsterud, H., Carlo, E. J., Heitmann, R. R., & Kvenseth, H. (2014). Public attitudes toward and identification of cluttering and stuttering in Norway and Puerto Rico. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 42, 21-34.

St. Louis, K. O., Tellis, G., Tuanquin, T. C., Wolfenden, R. P., & Nicholson, R. M. (2004, November). Selected attitudes toward stuttering: SLP fluency specialists, generalists, and students. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, PA.

St. Louis, K. O., Weidner, M. E., Gabel, R., Hughes, S., & Coleman, C. (2014). Stuttering Attitudes Research Symposium: Reflecting on a landmark event. Perspectives on Fluency and Fluency Disorders, 24, 5-7.

St. Louis, K. O., Yaruss, J. S., Lubker, B. B., Pill, J., & Diggs, C. C. (1999, November). International project on attitudes toward stuttering. Seminar presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, San Franciso, CA.

St. Louis, K. O., Yaruss, J. S., Lubker, B. B., Pill, J., & Diggs, C. C. (2000, August). An international public opinion survey of stuttering: Pilot results. Mini-seminar presented at the 3rd World Congress on Fluency Disorders, Nyborg, Denmark.

St. Louis, K. O., Yaruss, J. S., Lubker, B. B., Pill, J., & Diggs, C. C. (2001). An international public opinion survey of stuttering: Pilot results. In H.-G. Bosshardt, J. S. Yaruss & H. F. M. Peters (Eds.). Fluency disorders: Theory, research, treatment and self-help. Proceedings of the Third World Congress on Fluency Disorders in Nyborg, Denmark. International Fluency Association, 581-587.

Tellis, G. M., Blood, G., W., Blood, I. M., Lubker, B. B., St. Louis, K. O., J. S. Yaruss, Pill, J., & Diggs, C. C. (2000, November). Multicultural perspectives of stuttering and people who stutter. Mini-seminar presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Washington, D.C.

Theiling, M. (2013). Public perception of people who stutter in Germany,
Testing and validation of the German version of the POSHA-S (Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes Stuttering). Rheinisch-Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen University, Aachen, Germany. 

Tomaiuloi, D., Del Gado, F., Caparelli, E., & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, August). Stuttering attitudes in Italy. Paper presented at the 29th World Congress of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics, Turin, ITALY.

Tormen, M. (2013). Using the POSHA-S to Measure Teacher’s Perceptions of Individuals who Stutter. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN.

Valente, A. R., Jesus, L., Leahy, M., & St. Louis, K. O. (2014, March). Attitudes and knowledge of the Portuguese population about stuttering. Paper presented at the European Symposium on Fluency Disorders. Antwerp, Belgium.

Walker, R., & St. Louis, K. O. (2014, November). Attitudes of college career counselors towards stuttering and people who stutter. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Orlando, FL.

Weidner, M. E., St. Louis, K. O., Burgess, M. E., & LeMasters, S. N. (2014, March). Do children hold negative attitudes toward peers who stutter? Student Research Forum, College of Education and Human Services. Morgantown, WV.

Weidner, M. E., St. Louis, K. O., LeMasters, S. N., & Burgess, M. E. (2014, November). Measuring and documenting attitudes of young children toward peers who stutter. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Orlando, FL.

Wesierska, M., Blachnio, A., Przepiorka, A., St. Louis, K. O., & Wesierska, K. (2014, March). Attitudes towards stuttering in Poland: An overview of research. Poster presented at the European Symposium on Fluency Disorders. Antwerp, Belgium.

Wesierska, M., Blachnio, A., Przepiorka, A., St. Louis, K., & Wesierska, K. (2014, September). Postawy spoleczne wobec jakania w Polsce. Przeglad badan [Attitudes towards stuttering in Poland: An overview of research]. Poster presented at the International Conference on Logopedics: Fluency Disorders: Theory and Practice, Katowice, Poland.

Wesierska, M., & St. Louis, K. O. (in press). Comparison of attitudes towards stuttering among Polish and English university students. Chowanna.

Wesierska, K., Wesierska, M. & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, September). A comparison of attitudes towards stuttering between Polish SLPs and SLP students using the POSHA–S. Poster and paper presented at the Stuttering Attitudes Research Symposium. Morgantown, WV.

Wesierska, K., Wesierska, M., St. Louis, K. O., & Beste-Guldborg, A. (in press). A comparison of attitudes towards stuttering between Polish SLPs and SLP students using the POSHA–S. In K. O. St. Louis (Ed.), Stuttering meets stereotype, stigma, and discrimination: An overview of attitude research. Morgantown, WV: WVU Press.

Wesierska, M., Wonnacott, E., & St. Louis, K. O. (2013, May). Comparison of attitudes towards stuttering among a population of Polish and English students. Poster presented at the 2nd International Counseling and Education Conference. Istanbul, Turkey.

Yaruss, J. S., Reese, S., St. Louis, K. O., Ward, E.,  & Wechsler, R. (2004, November). Selected attitudes toward stuttering: US urban ethnic and racial variations. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Philadelphia, PA.